The Monstera is one of the hippest plants of the moment. That is why there are many misunderstandings about it. In this Ultimate Guide, we will tell you absolutely everything you need to know before you buy a Monstera and everything there is to know to care for it.
Let’s go for it!
1. Fun facts
Deliciosa fruit tastes like strawberry, banana, pineapple, mango and passion fruit all at once!
The Monstera Deliciosa owes its name to the fact that it has rather abnormal (Monster means abnormal in Latin) leaves with holes. Deliciosa comes from the fact that the fruits of the Monstera Deliciosa are delicious and taste just like every fruit you can imagine: strawberry, banana, pineapple, mango and passion fruit are all flavors that are attributed to the fruit. You can find more fun facts in our article 10 interesting facts about the Monstera you didn’ know before.
2. Monstera names & types
There are no fewer than 41 species or species (and more synonyms) under the genus Monstera. That sounds a lot but is rather not that much for a genus. You can easily find two types in plant stores. Because there is a lot of confusion about all types and names, we wrote a blog to clear the fog once and for all.
- Monstera Deliciosa: this is the most common species; it gets large leaves faster than the Monstera Adansonii. It’s a real eye catcher in your interior. It is also called (Swiss) cheese plant.
- Monstera Adansonii: this is also a common species, but when held as a houseplant in a pot tends to have rather small leaves. It is therefore perfect as a hanging plant and will quickly develop long branches growing downwards.
3. Taking care of your Monstera.
The Monstera is an easy plant to care for. The ideal care instructions are described below. Because the Monstera is so easy, it will certainly not die if you deviate from this, it will only grow less quickly. If you want to know more, you can read our complete article about taking care of your Monstera.
|Origin||Tropical rain forests in middle and South-America.|
|Size||Maximum 2-3 meters high with lives up to 70cm (Monstera Deliciosa) or 35 cm (Monstera Adansonii) when held indoors.|
|Light||Light spot without (too much) direct sunlight.|
|Temperature||18-34°C, certainly not colder than 10°C|
|Humidity||From 40%: medium to high humidity. Spray twice a week if the air is not humid enough. Clean leaves once a month.|
|Water||Once a week for a continuous moist but not soggy soil. Avoid wet feet. Less water during winter.|
|Soil||Soil for houseplants that easily retains moisture but also allows quick drainage of water.|
|Food||Mix a half teaspoon of liquid food with the water every two weeks.|
|Repotting||Every 1-2 years at the end of winter in a pot that is at least 5cm larger than the last one.|
|Pruning||You can cut air roots but redirecting them to the soil is better for growth. Cut leaves with stem just above the aerial root.|
|Flowers||From age 6. Very rare for a Houseplant. Incredibly tasty fruit.|
|Supports||Give support if you want the plant to grow up rather than to the sides.|
4. Problems with your plant
Everything there is to know about fixing your plant when there is something wrong.
|Slow growth||If its winter, slow or no growth is normal. Otherwise, check if you did everything under title 3 or read our complete article about taking care of your Monstera.|
|Yellow Leaves||If the leaves of your Monstera start to look a bit yellow, you are probably giving them too much water. Another reason may be a lack of nutrients. Give your Monstera some plant food to be sure.|
|Brown edges and tips||This probably means that the leaf is drying out. Make sure the humidity increases or spray your Monstera a bit more often. If the humidity was high enough, you may also need to transplant your plant to a larger pot.|
|No or few perforations||The better you take care of your plant and the older it gets, the more perforations its leaves will have. No or few perforations means that your Monster is missing something. This can have several causes. Investigate whether your plant has sufficient light, water, and nutrition.|
If you follow all the instructions in the table above your plant might look like the one below sometime in the future.
5. Impact on you and your animals
Monstera leaves are not deadly but very painful for your pet (and yourself) when you eat them. You also get abdominal cramps and diarrhea. Very tasty are the fruits of the Monstera Deliciosa, which is very similar to a bowl of different fruit but then in one fruit. The plant is averagely good in purifying your indoor air, but due to its size, it can still make a difference and it also has a positive effect on the humidity in your house.
6. Price & where to buy.
There are two ways to get a Monstera. The easiest is to buy the plant at a specialist store. Although you can also buy tropical plants in garden centers or even in the Ikea, we always recommend that you visit a specialized plant store for (tropical) house plants. The owners of plant stores usually choose their plants personally and know what to look out for. You also get some personal advice and you can always go there for a question.
The price you pay strongly depends on how old and large the plant is that you want. You can buy a young monstera from 15 euros to 30 euros for the better sample in a specialized plant store. For a larger copy, you can easily pay between 50-150 euros. An adult specimen with large leathery leaves and many holes usually starts from 150 euros.
For the second way you have to put in a little more effort but it is free. Find a friend or family member with a Monstera plant and ask if you can get a cutting. It takes about 1-2 years before you have a plant that’s similar to the one you’d buy in a store.